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Internet and human rights. Contributions to the discussion on public policies in Latin America

 
Eduardo Bertoni  
 
Institutional design of the agencies in charge of protect journalist and investigate crimes against the press: Mexico, Colombia and Guatemala   This compilation brings together pieces produced by the Freedom of Expression on the Internet Initiative (iLEI by its acronym in Spanish), CELE’s special program that seeks to provide guidance and technical support for advocates and political officials involved in making policies regarding the Internet.

Net neutrality, privacy, copyright, intermediary liability and its relation to fundamental rights are some of the topics discussed in this compilation. All of the aforementioned issues are topics that have appeared in regulations and legislative proposals, which have been increasingly discussed in Latin America in recent years.
 
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Developing an integrated management policy for public information

 
Editor: Natalia Torres  
 
Towards an Internet Free of Censorship   It is well known that laws do not operate in a vacuum, but rather in a complex system of institutions, rules, and various actors. While principles and standards are key to promoting improved legislation, special consideration of context is also vital for ensuring the implementation of laws.

Access to information is not a stranger to this idea. Its implementation has demonstrated that many setbacks can occur as a result. Some come from the text of the laws; others come from the gap that exists between the principles that are determined by rules and the organizational reality of institutions that should open their doors. Within this latter group of setbacks we find the lack of consideration of document management, an area that has generally been neglected in public administration and which has delayed the promotion of the right to know.

This document is the result of a project developed by the Center for Studies on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information (CELE) at Palermo University School of Law in 2012, which was done with the support of Open Society Foundations. The main objective of the Project was to identify the main policies that needed to be created or promoted by states for the construction of an information infrastructure that allows for effective exercise of the right to know.

Click to download the pdf chapters:

Introduction
Eduardo Bertoni and Natalia Torres

Information, archives and access: Information management systems implemented in Latin America
Mariana Nazar

Technology for document management
Jorge Villagrán

Moving toward a comprehensive policy on public information
Natalia Torres

Bibliography

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Institutional design of the agencies in charge of protect journalist and investigate crimes against the press: Mexico, Colombia and Guatemala

 
Natalia Torres  
 
Institutional design of the agencies in charge of protect journalist and investigate crimes against the press: Mexico, Colombia and Guatemala   This research Studies the policies implemented by the governments of Mexico, Colombia and Guatemala to protect the press and investigate the crime against journalists. The research was developed under a case study strategy and it analyzes the institucional design and the results obtained by governemental agaencies.
 
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Towards an Internet Free of Censorship

Proposals for Latin America
 
Editor:Eduardo Bertoni  
 
Towards an Internet Free of Censorship  
The global debate over Internet regulation has evolved from the initial question over whether any regulation is necessary and desirable to questions whose answers depend on context and where they are being asked. What activities require regulation? What type of regulation is preferable and effective, and with what outcome?
 
In the past few years Latin American nations have begun legislation aimed at providing answers to some of these questions. The articles in this publication deal with four key themes – the responsibility of intermediaries, the management of private data, content filtering, and situations of applicable jurisdiction –, not with the idea of arriving at final solutions but rather with the intention of planting some of the legal questions inherent in these themes and promoting consideration of the effects that they could have on the politics of freedom of expression.
 
Towards and Internet Free of Censorship intends to be a guide that will help academics, professionals and those charged with formulating public policy to think on these questions.

Click to download the pdf chapters:

Foreword
Eduardo Bertoni

Keeping the Internet Free in the Americas
Dawn Carla Nunziato

Liability of Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and the exercise of freedom of expression in Latin America
Claudio Ruiz Gallardo and J. Carlos Lara Gálvez

Intermediaries and Freedom of Expression
Hiram A. Meléndez-Juarbe

Personal data protection in Latin America: retention and processing of personal data in the Internet sphere
Lorenzo Villegas Carrasquilla

Personal Data Protection and Online Services in Latin America
Alberto J. Cerda Silva

Content Filtering in Latin America: Reasons and Impacts on Freedom of Expression
Joana Varon Ferraz, Carlos Affonso de Souza, Bruno Magrani, Walter Britto

Determining jurisdiction in Internet defamation cases:  Insights on Latin America
Eduardo Bertoni

Developing Internet Policy in Latin America: A Global Perspective
Cynthia Wong, James X. Dempsey and Ellery Roberts Biddle

Conclusions and recommendations
Eduardo Bertoni
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New working paper on the role of the press in promoting access to information
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New working paper on the role of the press in promoting access to information
As the number of countries adopting access to information (ATI) legislation around the world has increased in recent years, it is important to understand the role that different stakeholders play in the adoption and implementation of this kind of legislation. This paper analyzes the relationship between ATI legislation and the media.
Focusing on the cases of Mexico and Argentina, while also looking at other experiences, this paper identifies the different ways in which media practitioners—including journalists, editors, owners, etc.—have engaged in the promotion, implementation and monitoring of access to information legislation.
This publication is one of the results of a study conducted by CELE with the support from the World Bank Institute.

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